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The Hidden Costs of Putting Too Much Pressure on Youth Athletes

As parents and coaches, we all want the best for our youth athletes. We strive to see them succeed, excel, and achieve their fullest potential. However, there's a fine line between healthy motivation and excessive pressure. In this blog post, we will explore the short and long-term effects of putting too much pressure on youth athletes, supported by sourced data.


Understanding these consequences is crucial for creating a supportive environment that fosters growth and well-being in student-athletes.

  1. Impact on Mental Health: When children face excessive pressure, it can take a toll on their mental health. According to a study published in the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, high levels of pressure can lead to increased anxiety and stress among young athletes. This can contribute to the development of mental health disorders such as depression and burnout.

  2. Performance Decline: Ironically, too much pressure can hinder performance rather than enhance it. A study conducted by the British Journal of Sports Medicine found that overly high expectations from parents and coaches can lead to a decline in athletic performance. Excessive pressure may cause athletes to focus more on avoiding failure rather than enjoying the sport, leading to decreased motivation and suboptimal performance outcomes.

  3. Negative Self-Image and Low Self-Esteem: Putting excessive pressure on young athletes can negatively impact their self-image and self-esteem. Constantly feeling like they need to live up to unrealistic expectations can erode their confidence and belief in their abilities. This can lead to a fear of failure, perfectionism, and a diminished sense of self-worth.

  4. Strained Parent-Child or Coach-Athlete Relationships: Excessive pressure can strain the relationships between parents and their children or coaches and their athletes. When children perceive that their parents or coaches are overly focused on their performance outcomes, it can create a stressful environment and lead to a breakdown in communication. This strain may further contribute to feelings of anxiety, resentment, and a loss of enjoyment in the sport.

  5. Long-Term Consequences: The effects of putting too much pressure on young athletes can extend beyond their sports careers. A study published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence revealed that high levels of pressure from parents and coaches were associated with negative outcomes in adulthood. These outcomes included decreased levels of life satisfaction, increased levels of anxiety and depression, and a higher likelihood of experiencing burnout in future pursuits.

While it is essential to support and encourage youth athletes, it's crucial to strike a balance and avoid placing excessive pressure on them. The short and long-term consequences of overwhelming pressure can have detrimental effects on their mental health, performance, self-esteem, and relationships.


As parents and coaches, we must create an environment that fosters growth, resilience, and a love for the sport. By prioritizing well-being and nurturing a positive mindset, we can help young athletes achieve their peak performances while cultivating their overall happiness and success.

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